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A Method for Voiced/Unvoiced Classification of Noisy Speech by Analyzing Time-Domain Features of Spectrogram Image

This paper presents a voiced/unvoiced classification algorithm of the noisy speech signal by analyzing two acoustic features of the speech signal. Short-time energy and short-time zero- crossing rates are one of the most distinguishable time domain features of a speech signal to classify its voiced activity into voiced/unvoiced segment. A new idea is developed where frame by frame processing has done in narrow band speech signal using spectrogram image. Two time domain features, short-time energy (STE) and short-time zero-crossing rate (ZCR) are used to classify its voiced/unvoiced parts. In the first stage, each frame of the analyzing spectrogram is divided into three separate sub bands and examines their short-time energy ratio pattern. Then an energy ratio pattern matching look up table is used to classify the voicing activity. However, this method successfully classifies patterns 1 through 4 but fails in the rest of the patterns in the look up table. Therefore, the rest of the patterns are confirmed in the second stage where frame wise short-time average zero- crossing rate is compared with a threshold value. In this study, the threshold value is calculated from the short-time average zero-crossing rate of White Gaussian Noise (wGn). The accuracy of the proposed method is evaluated using both male and female speech waveforms under different signal to-noise ratios (SNRs). Experimental results show that the proposed method achieves better accuracy than the conventional methods in the literature.